All the creations of inventors, engineers, musicians or painters can hardly be compared to the astonishing creative performances of Nature. Nature is the greatest inventor, being a work of art itself.
"Nature is the art of God." Dante Alighieri
Since the very emergence of mankind, people have always been amazed by the innovations of nature. Even now, with all the modern technologies, nature has not lost its ability to strike our imagination. Numerous inventions were inspired by the methods copied from worlds of plants and animals.
The needle-scarifier for blood sampling is designed according to the principle that completely replicates the structure of the bat's tooth-cutter, the bite of which is painless and accompanied by heavy bleeding.
An ordinary thistle, which clung to a dog's fur, inspired the Swiss engineer, Georges de Mistral, to invent the Velcro. Having spent 8 years, he created the "Velcro" - a synthetic material made of two nylon strips. One is covered with tiny loops, and the other with tiny hooks. When they are combined together, they adhere firmly to each other but can be easily split again.
People make paper by processing wood and turning it into a soft mass, which is then squeezed, cleaned, bleached and rolled into sheets. Wasps are the inventors of the natural way of paper production. They build nests from particles of chewed wood, wetting them with their saliva. The chipboard is a similar material, only the wasp’s saliva is replaced with artificial glue.
A complex network of veins on the underside of the leaf of a giant water lily firmly strengthens and supports its vast surface. A similar arrangement of veins was copied in some constructions of buildings, the most famous being the Crystal Palace in London.
Moreover, architects, designers, engineers, psychologists and biologists have developed the project "Vertical Bionic Tower City". It will appear in Shanghai and is designed for 100 thousand people. The project is based on the "tree design principle". The tower-city will have the form of a cypress with height of 1228m. It will have 300 floors, 12 vertical blocks with overlapping screeds and gardens in between. The carefully designed construction is similar to the structure of branches and the entire cypress crown.
Vaccines, DNA, and stem cells
Using extreme hibernation, some desert mosses are capable of resurrection decades after they have dried up and "died" under the influence of high temperatures. But as soon as the rains begin, the plants again become lush and green. Studying these organisms, scientists were able to keep vaccines, DNA and stem cells for a much longer time.
Shinkansen Bullet Train
When extremely fast Japanese trains leave the tunnel at a great speed, they create a loud flap sound due to the shape of the nose of the train. The way out of this problem was suggested by birds. Kingfishers have such a beak shape that makes it easier for them to catch fish. This bird is able to dive into the water without a splash. Engineer and ornithologist Eiji Nakatsu created a nose of a similar shape for the bullet train, which allows it to reduce air resistance.
There are plenty of new inventions and breakthroughs ahead. Nature is an inexhaustible source of knowledge to learn from and to use in all spheres of human life, wisely and with a great respect to nature itself.