The ethical justification of the world order is the main cause of modern creativity in metaphysics. It fills the gap left by science in its texts. The world demonstrates a dual approach to knowledge, and we must realize this duality.
Metaphysics studies the beginnings and causes of all things, supersensible, eternal and immovable essences, and physical science studies the sensual, mobile and changeable. Metaphysics is a “divine science”, in comparison with which, according to Aristotle, other sciences seem more necessary, but “there is no one better”.
Even the greatest scientists have seen that the intelligibility of the world is a mystery. These aspects were first researched by Plato and Aristotle, and even today, their approach is used by modern scientists widely.
Although both metaphysics and quantum physics deal with the intellectual analysis of the world around us, the two approach the subject from two different disciplines, namely philosophy for metaphysics and science for quantum physics.
The importance of metaphysics is that it is the basis for all philosophical issues. Quantum physics, however, is a way of endeavoring the understanding of universal order by studying its smallest parts.
Metaphysics is the core of philosophical knowledge and any other knowledge. From its very emergence in philosophy, there is some kind of strong fundamental basis, as if it were the heart of philosophy.
Needless to say that those who think that science can answer all questions are themselves standing outside science. We can, for example, debate about what known mathematical structures are the basis of the universe. With the development of mathematics and mathematical physics, researchers often took the side of Plato, according to whom the fundamentals of the universe are based on regular geometric shapes and numerical proportions.
The experience of building a system of transcendental metaphysics in alliance with mathematics and physics shows that the philosophy of science is necessary, but not for analyzing or synthesizing scientific knowledge, not for their fruitful development and growth, but for solving more important problems of humanity than any concrete scientific or technological tasks. The philosophy of science in the proper sense should be the Aristotelian idea of metaphysics, rethought on the basis of the metaphysics of self-consciousness, as well as the teachings on practical mind, freedom, self-determination and human dignity as an individual, including the idea of the world history and the world-wide civil-purpose philosophy.
The possibilities of metaphysics, including the philosophical understanding of science, is in the knowledge about humans. As every philosophical study, it should lead to peace – to personal serenity, and to harmony in the world.
“Metaphysics is the attempt to conceive the world as a whole by means of thought.”